Notes on Introduction to Philosophy -- Phil A201
William Jamison - Instructor
Eleventh lecture notes for Introduction to Philosophy:
Studying the following philosopher may be dangerous for your mental health!
Søren Kierkegaard 1813-1855
born in Copenhagen, Denmark
studied theology and philosophy at University of Copenhagen, (Hegelian philosophy)
ceased to practice Lutheranism and led an extravagant social life, becoming a familiar figure in the theatrical and café society of Copenhagen.
father's death - 1838, resumed theology
1840 -41 engaged to 17-year-old Regine Olson
realized he did not want to be a Lutheran pastor
inheritance from his father allowed him to devote himself entirely to writing the remaining 14 years of his life
Stages on life's way:
suspension of the ethical allows Abraham to achieve an authentic commitment to God.
To avoid ultimate despair, the individual must make a similar "leap of faith" into a religious life, which is inherently paradoxical, mysterious, and full of risk. One is called to it by the feeling of dread, which is ultimately a fear of nothingness.
Sickness Unto Death - suffering as the essence of authentic faith.
Jean Paul Sartre 1905-80
Studied at University of Fribourg in Switzerland and French Institute in Berlin
1940-41 imprisoned by the Germans
teaches at Neuilly and Paris, and active in the French Resistance
in 1943 German authorities, unaware of his underground activities, permitted the production of his antiauthoritarian play The Flies (1943) and the publication of his Being and Nothingness
active after 1947 as an independent Socialist, critical of both the USSR and the US in the cold war years.
Sartre rejected 1964 Nobel Prize in literature, explaining that to accept such an award would compromise his integrity as a writer.
Some other works:
No Exit (1944)
Being and Nothingness
human existence is characterized by nothingness, that is, by the capacity to negate and rebel.
freedom and acceptance of personal responsibility are the main values in life.recognition of one's absolute freedom of choice the necessary condition for authentic human existence.
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