Notes on Introduction to Philosophy -- Phil A201
William Jamison - Instructor
Fifteenth lecture notes for Introduction to Philosophy:
Friedrich Nietzsche 1844-1900
born in Röcken, Prussia.
father a Lutheran minister, died when Nietzsche was five, and he was raised by his mother, grandmother, two aunts, with his sister.
studied classical philology at Bonn and Leipzig.
appointed professor of classical philology at the University of Basel at the age of 24.
plagued throughout his life by poor eyesight and migraine headaches - retirement in 1879
suffered a mental breakdown 1889
Influences on him were:
Greek culture, particularly the philosophies of Plato and Aristotle,
German philosopher Arthur Schopenhauer,
theory of evolution,
friendship with Richard Wagner.
Christianity represents a "slave morality," a morality created by weak and resentful individuals who encourage such behavior as gentleness and kindness because it serves their interests.
Will to power
self-control, art, philosophy
master the passions and employ them creatively
this worldly antithesis to God
Darwin like evolution to a next race?
must overcome ourselves and become creators
cease being human, all too human
God is Dead
we have killed him -- I have come too soon
studies evolution of culture
applies Darwin to social evolution
Dionysian versus Apollinian
Schopenhauer's "Will and Representation"
Will to power enables one to overcome one's genealogy, comfort (church), chaos of passions
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